Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause (GSM)


Menopause is a syndrome marked by a decrease in oestrogen levels that causes several changes in the female body. Vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VA) are two of the most prevalent and bothersome.

The most common sign is vaginal dryness, which affects 60 percent of postmenopausal women. In general, these symptoms result in sexual dysfunction and, as a result, a lower quality of life.

The term "genitourinary syndrome of menopause" (GSM) is used to describe a collection of signs and symptoms brought on by a reduction in the estrogen's ability to stimulate the lower urinary tract and vulvovaginal tissue.

GSM symptoms impact between 27 to 84 percent of postmenopausal women, and these symptoms undoubtedly damage the health and sexual function of these women as well as their quality of life.

Burning, irritation, vulvovaginal dryness, dyspareunia, urinary symptoms of urgency, dysuria, or recurrent UTI are a few of the key indications and symptoms of GSM.